On average, a deer needs to eat about eight pounds of vegetation per 100 pounds of body weight, per day. Endangered Species Act. The white-tailed deer has a reddish-brown coat in the spring and summer and a gray-brown coat in autumn and winter. Antler size and branching is determined by age, nutrition, and genetics. When threatened, a white-tailed deer stomps, snorts, and raises its tail or "flags" to show the white underside. How much do you know about Odocoileus virginianus, the whitetail deer? Did I mention that they also eat mighty good? Related: Hunting whitetail deer in the rain. |, Best Airgun Rifles for Hunting Urban Predators, How to Choose Between Night Vision Or Thermal Optics, Scientific facts about how deer see and hear. Here are 15 interesting facts you might not know about whitetail deer. They inhabit most of southern Canada and all of the mainland United States except portions of the west central states to the California coast. Deer are preyed upon by wolves, pumas, American alligators, bears, coyotes, lynx, bobcats, wolverines, and feral dogs. Mature females, called hinds or does, range from 88 to 200 pounds. The species includes several subspecies, such as the tiny Florida Key deer and the large northern white-tailed deer. They can eat mushrooms and poison ivy with no ill effects. In many of them, populations are booming, hunting seasons are long, whitetail deer can be hunted with a variety of weapons and good hunting can be found on public land as well as private properties. The life span of a whitetail deer can be up to 14 years in captivity. When it comes to big game hunting in North America, there’s no doubt that the whitetail deer rules the roost. This signals predator detection and alerts other deer. Deer size depends on sex and habitat. Let’s start – The biggest reason for this is simple: with the exception of Alaska, Hawaii, Utah, California, Nevada, and Arizona (the exception there being the Coues whitetail), whitetails exist in all the remaining states. Dr. Helmenstine holds a Ph.D. in biomedical sciences and is a science writer, educator, and consultant. Bucks leave their mothers and mature at about 1.5 years of age. The whitetail deer can live up to 4.5 years in the wild and 14 years in captivity. Related: Scientific facts about how deer see and hear. Climate change has allowed the white-tailed deer to expand its presence in Canada in recent years. Name Game. These 15 facts have been part of those findings. Stay with us to know more facts about whitetail deer antlers. The overall population is stable, although some subspecies are threatened. White-tailed deer eat plants, including grasses, legumes, leaves, shoots, cacti, corn, fruit, and acorns. They can also run up to about 50 mph for short distances. Here are 10 Fast Facts you may not know. Also, deer can defecate while bedded, but need to get up to urinate. White-tailed deer have been introduced into Europe and the Caribbean and are farmed in New Zealand. Read on to learn about the whitetail deer. Please enable JavaScript to view the comments. Eagles and crows may take fawns. The white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus), also known as the whitetail, is a medium-sized deer native to both the Nearctic and Neotropical regions.. Comments on this site are submitted by users and are not endorsed by nor do they reflect the views or opinions of COLE Publishing, Inc. The Florida Key deer and Colombian white-tailed deer are both listed as "endangered" under the U.S. The life expectancy of a white-tailed deer ranges from 6 to 14 years. These deer are the most widespread wild ungulate, or hoofed mammal, in the Americas. An adult whitetail deer reaches a size of 6 to 7 feet long. Large antlers result from three factors: nutritious food, increasing buck age and good genes. The species is easily recognized by the white underside of its tail. While white-tailed deer are primarily herbivores, they are also opportunistic predators that will take mice and birds. The average tail length of a whitetail is about 10.5 inches. They are hunted for game and sport and farmed for meat, pelts, and antlers. White-tailed deer range from the Yukon in Canada through the United States (except Hawaii and Alaska) and Central America south to Brazil and Bolivia. In the United States, the black-tailed or mule deer displaces the white-tailed deer west of the Rocky Mountains. The white-tailed deer breeding season, called the rut, occurs in autumn in October or November. Deer have adapted to a variety of habitats, including urban environments. In the wild, their life span is about 4 or 5 years old. Does may become sexually mature at 6 months of age, but typically do not leave their mother or breed until their second year. Read more of Bob Robb's "Top 10 Tuesday" posts here. The white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) gets its name for the white fur on the underside of its tail, which it flashes when it senses a threat. They’re called whitetail (also white-tailed) because of the white underside of the deer's tail, which it displays and wags when it senses danger and to communicate with other deer. The opposite of dogs, whitetail deer only wag their tails when they’re startled. Being highly adaptive animals, they can be found in the rain forests of North America to Cold zones of South Canada.
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